Issue 3 of the Europlanet Magazine is out!

Issue 3 of the Europlanet Magazine is out!


The official magazine of Europlanet, the European community for planetary science.

We are delighted to share with you the third issue of the Europlanet Magazine. The e-magazine is published twice a year and aims to highlight the range of activities by Europlanet, our partners, and the wider planetary community. If you would like a printed copy of this issue, or the two previous editions, you will be able to pick one up at the Europlanet Society stand at EPSC2022 in Granada.

The third issue highlights the exciting upcoming opportunities for Solar System and exoplanet science with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Our ‘In Focus’ news section reports on recent workshops held through the Europlanet 2024 Research Infrastructure (RI), a monthly webinar series for members, a new podcast from the Europlanet Early Careers (EPEC) network and resources to support the LGBTQIA+ members of our community. We look at the experiences of participants in the Europlanet Expert Exchange and Mentorship programmes. We also have features on running data challenges, using AI to improve predictions of the impact of solar storms, and a schools outreach programme for meteor detection.

Please check out Issue 3 and share with your networks to help us spread the word.


In this issue:

round up of news from Europlanet 2024 RI, the Europlanet Society, the Europlanet Early Careers (EPEC) network and the planetary community.

MOMSTER, a Mobile Meteor Detection Station for Education and Outreach  

 Karolien Lefever, Stijn Calders and Hervé Lamy (BIRA-IASB) describe how schools are becoming involved in meteor research through the MOMSTER project.

Planetary Perspectives

Gražina Tautvaišienė, Director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy at Vilnius University (Lithuania), talks about her inspirations, the development of astronomy in Lithuania and sharing her passion for science with the next generation in this month’s Planetary Perspectives Q&A.

Support for Ukraine 

We ask for the planetary community’s help to share information and identify support schemes for colleagues in Ukraine and displaced researchers

 JWST: A New Infrared Eye on the Solar System 

Leigh Fletcher, Professor of Planetary Science at the University of Leicester (UK), reveals how the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will provide exciting new opportunities for the exploration of our Solar System

JWST: An Eye on Exoplanets 

Brett Morris and Clémence Fontanive of the Universität Bern/National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) PlanetS (Switzerland) look at how the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is set to revolutionise exoplanet research

Europlanet Mentorship Programme: Two Years After Launch  

Edita Stonkutė of Vilnius University (Lithuania) and Jen DeWitt, Evaluation Officer for Europlanet 2024 RI (UK), examine how mentoring can support the planetary community.

Taking on the Data Challenge 

Ingo Waldmann of UCL (UK) explains how launching a data challenge linked to the Ariel mission has led to new approaches and collaborations. 

Exchanging Expertise  

 Maria Genzer of the Finnish Meteorological Institute (Finland) reports on how Europlanet’s Expert Exchange Programme is supporting skill-sharing within the planetary community.

Using AI to Predict the Danger of Solar Storms for Earth 

Hannah Rüdisser of the Know-Center (Austria) and Ute Amerstorfer of the Space Research Institute (Austria) show how machine learning and artificial intelligence can help protect us from damage caused by solar storms. 

Inspired by a Contest 

Helen Usher of the Faulkes Telescope Project (UK) describes how a Europlanet arts contest has led to collaborations with a young Lithuanian astronomer, Rytis Babianskas. 

An Interplanetary Journey in Design – Building the Europlanet Brand  

Vix Southgate (Europlanet 2024 RI Communications Team) describes some of the creative steps (and missteps) in nearly two decades of the Europlanet brand

Industry Insights  

Marcell Tessenyi (BSSL Ltd) and Jeronimo Bernard-Salas (ACRI-ST) present results from a community survey on academic-industry collaboration.  

In Memorium – Maria Teresa Capria and Károly Szegő 

The first few months of 2022 has seen the passing of two of the key founder members of the Europlanet programme. Michel Blanc, Coordinator of Europlanet from 2005-2012, reflects on their contribution and legacy

CommKit

The Europlanet Magazine’s column on science communication by Shorouk Elkobros (Europlanet Society/ESF) looks this month at videos for science communication.

The Last Word

Nigel Mason highlights a strategic opportunity for the planetary community.

Calls for Europlanet Outreach Funding Scheme and Prize 2022

Calls for Europlanet Outreach Funding Scheme and Prize 2022

Are you looking for funding to kickstart an outreach or education project related to planetary science? Or have you run a successful public engagement project for which you deserve some recognition?

The Calls are now open for applications for the Europlanet Outreach Funding Scheme 2022 and nominations for the Europlanet Prize for Public Engagement 2022.

**Deadline for submissions is 15 June 2022**

About the Europlanet Outreach Funding Scheme 2022

Europlanet awards grants of between 1 000 and 5 000 Euros to fund projects to engage the public with planetary science. Through the funding scheme, Europlanet aims to encourage new ways of sharing planetary science with different kinds of audiences across Europe (and beyond) to create socially impactful initiatives that combine research, learning, innovation and social development.

Find out more at: https://www.europlanet-society.org/outreach/funding-scheme/europlanet-public-engagement-funding-scheme-2022-application-form/

About the Europlanet Prize For Public Engagement 2022

The Europlanet Prize for Public Engagement recognises achievements in engaging citizens with planetary science. The Prize of 1 500 Euros is awarded annually to individuals or groups who have developed innovative and socially impactful practices in planetary science communication and education.

The winner will be honoured at the Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) 2022 in Granada will be invited to share experiences and best practice by delivering an Awards Ceremony.

Find out more at: https://www.europlanet-society.org/prize/europlanet-prize-for-public-engagement-2022-application-form/

Light up the sky of the world – Expo in Dubai

Light up the sky of the world – Expo in Dubai

On March 16, 2022Let’s light up the skies of the world took place in the Italian Pavillion of the 2020 EXPO in Dubai. The event, organised by OAE Center Italy and INAF, was constituted by two different moments: a hands-on laboratory for the pupils of local schools, and a roundtable on the topic Astronomy for Teaching: from theory to practice, which took place both in person and in live streaming.

The team organizing the event was composed by Caterina BoccatoStefano SandrelliAlessandra Zanazzi and Livia Giacomini, with the support of the staff of the Italian Pavillion, led by Lorenzo Micheli. The INAF team was also supported by Marcos Valdes, CEO of VIS (Virtual Immersions in Science), who, in the course of event, presented Moon Landing VR, a virtual-reality 360° video to live the Apollo 11 Moon landing.

In the teaching lab, called Let’s light up the skies of the world, about twenty girls from the GEMS Al Khaleej International School, an International school based in Dubai, lit up the stars with LEDs and paper circuits, inventing their own constellations and connecting them to the legends and myths of different cultures of the world. They were led, in addition to the INAF team, by two teachers – Ruba Tarabay, STEAM Coordinator and Responsible for junior secondary classes, and Mohammed Kheder, Astronomy teacher.

In this laboratory, we reason on the fact that constellations do not exist, because they are formed by stars which are not connected to each other,’ Alessandra Zanazzi say. ‘However, constellations are important from the practical point of view, as a reference in order to measure both time and seasons. They also have an important cultural meaning, because all peoples of the world have always observed the sky and connected the dots of the stars to form drawings of what was important for their culture. In the laboratory, we started building a paper circuit, so as to light up a constellation made of LEDs, taking inspiration from a teaching proposal developed by the INAF Play Group. Then, based on the intercultural activities “Cieli del mondo” [World Skies] who inspired several proposals of EduINAF, each participant was free to give vent to their own creativity, overlaying on “official” constellations, the ones coming from different cultural traditions, or of their own design. Here in Dubai, we saw dromedaries, butterflies, and desert oasis being drawn…’

In the second part of the morning, a roundtable took place with Markus Poessel, Responsible for the IAU-OAE Office, Stefano Sandrelli and Sara Ricciardi of the OAE Center Italy, Hamid Al-Naimiy and Ilias Fernini of SAASST (Sharjah Academy for Astronomy, Space Sciences & Technology) and Pedro Russo of Leiden University/Ciência Viva.

Stefano Sandrelli, Director of the new OAE Center Italy says: ‘We are happy to be here today, because the theme of the Dubai EXPO is sustainability. The world can only be sustainable if it has at its heart a culture based on hospitality, on the mutual respect for differences and on true and profound dialogue. That is why the main issue of the roundtable is the codesign, which OAE Center Italy is carrying out with all the countries bordering the Mediterranean. In this project, each country proposes activities addressed to primary school pupils, which are later discussed and modified together. All this will result in a teacher training course which is going to be organized in the island of Lampedusa next summer.

Enjoy the photo-gallery of the event and the voices of the protagonists.

Light up the skies!

Banner image credit: INAF

Let’s light up the skies of the world at EXPO!

Let’s light up the skies of the world at EXPO!

OAE Italy center and INAF are organizing Let’s light up the skies of the world! Astronomy for Education, from theory to practice, a round table that will take place in Dubai, at the Italy Pavilion of EXPO, and streamed online for all the community.

The event will be in English, on 16 March 2022, starting at 9:45 and ending at 11:00 CET (starting at 12:45 and ending at 14:00 at Dubai time).

Participants to the round table are: Markus Poessel (Director of IAU OAE Hq); Stefano Sandrelli (Manager of IAU OAE Center Italy); Sara Ricciardi (Deputy of IAU OAE Center Italy); Hamid Al-Naimiy (President of the Arab Union for Astronomy and Space sciences, and Director General of SAASST, the Sharjah Academy for Astronomy, Space sciences & Technology); Ilias Fernini (Deputy Director General of SAAST); Pedro Russo (Leiden University/Ciência Viva).

We warmly invite you to participate, following the streaming online or dropping in at the Italy Pavilion, if you are at Dubai on 16 March. To participate (both online or in presence) register at https://tinyurl.com/astronomy4edu 

A link to follow the streaming will be sent by email after registration.

Anticipating Planetary Science with the James Webb Space Telescope

Anticipating Planetary Science with the James Webb Space Telescope

What are Jupiter and Saturn made of? Are there still open mysteries about these two giant planets? How will the James Webb Space Telescope help investigate them? Find out with Leigh Fletcher (University of Leicester, UK and member of the Europlanet Society Board) in this interview by Claudia Mignone (EDU INAF, Italy).

#InspiredByOtherWorlds: the winners are…

#InspiredByOtherWorlds Arts contest 2021: the winners are…

The winning artworks for the #InspiredByOtherWorlds Arts Contest 2021 were announced during a virtual award ceremony on 20th December. The winners are listed below. Many congratulations to all the winning artists and thanks to all participant for their submissions.

Youth, Adult and Group Winners

View all the entries to the contest.

Youth Category

Adult Category

Group Category


Awards Ceremony

An awards ceremony was held on Monday 20th December. Download the full presentation.

Back to #InspiredByOtherWorlds Contest main page

Issue 2 of the Europlanet Magazine is out!

Issue 2 of the Europlanet Magazine is out!


The official magazine of Europlanet, the European community for planetary science.

We are delighted to share with you the second issue of the Europlanet Magazine. The e-magazine is published twice a year and aims to highlight the range of activities by Europlanet, our partners, and the wider planetary community.

The second issue highlights some of the exciting science supported through Europlanet’s Transnational Access programme, including an experimental project to recreate martian flows in the lab, field campaigns in Botswana and Greenland, and virtual access to facilities in Korea. Niklas Nienass MEP shares his vision for Europe’s role in the new Space Race, and we report on the science presented and community events at the Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) 2021 in September. As the Europlanet 2024 Research Infrastructure (RI) passes a major milestone, we look at some of the outcomes of the projets to date, and we have an insight into the long pathway that’s led to the recent selection of three missions to Venus. We also have features on designing meetings in pandemic and post-pandemic times, outreach initiatives, an industry database with links to planetary science, and searching for evidence of the earliest forms of life on Earth.

Please check out Issue 2 and share with your networks to help us spread the word.


In this issue:

round up of news from Europlanet 2024 RI, the Europlanet Society, the Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) 2021 and the planetary community.

Celebrating Science at EPSC2021 

Stavro Ivanovski (INAF) and Akos Kereszturi (Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical Institute), Co-chairs of the Scientific Organising Committee (SOC), review the second virtual Europlanet Science Congress.

Spotlight on Diversity at EPSC2021 

The Europlanet Diversity Committee describes events at EPSC2021 to highlight equity, diversity and inclusion

Early Career Events at EPSC2021 

Noah Jäggi, Chair of the EPEC@EPSC Working Group, reports on a packed programme at EPSC2021 organised by the Europlanet Early Career (EPEC) network

Designs on Pandemic and Post-Pandemic Meetings: Learning with the EPSC 2021 Team 

Amy Riches (University of Edinburgh, UK, and SETI Institute, USA) describes her experiences as a planetary geochemist diving into the EPSC2021 Media Internship Programme.

Planetary Perspectives

Lena Noack, Incoming Chair of EPSC2021, talks about her career, inspirations, and her experiences with Europlanet in this month’s Planetary Perspectives Q&A.

Finding New Ways of Envisioning Venus 

Jörn Helbert (DLR) looks forward to three new missions to investigate Earth’s mysterious twin

Connecting Communities Across the Industry – Academic Divide 

Marcell Tessenyi (Blue Skies Space Ltd) and Jeronimo Bernard-Salas (ACRI-ST) report on a survey and new database to support industry-academia collaborations

Europe and the New Space Race 

Following the Industry-Policy Session at EPSC2021, Livia Giacomini (INAF) spoke to Niklas Nienass, a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for Germany in the Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance, about his vision for space science in Europe.

FANTASTIC ACCESS 

As we emerge from nearly two years of restricted travel, Gareth Davies (VUA, Netherlands) gives an update on Europlanet’s Transnational Access (TA) programme, which provides free access to facilities and field sites around the worldLonneke Roelofs (Utrecht University, Netherlands), Daniel Toledo (INTA, Spain), Costanza Rossi (INAF, Italy), Denice Borsten and Jochem Sikkes (VUA, Netherlands) share their expriences of participating in TA visits.

The Animated Universe of James O’Donoghue 

Federica Duras and Livia Giacomini (INAF) talk to the Europlanet Prize 2021 winner, James O’Donoghue, about his motivations for creating animations to communicate challenging scientific concepts and his advice on a career in planetary science 

Evaluating the Impact of Europlanet 2024 RI 

 Project Evaluator, Jennifer DeWitt, and Communications Manager, Anita Heward, report on outcomes of the first review of Europlanet’s flagship research infrastructure

Looking for the earliest forms of life on Earth 

Barbara Cavalazzi (University of Bologna) describes how an international effort has identified some of the earliest examples of life on Earth

The Bolivian San Agustin Remote Observatory 

Gabriel Andres Jaimes Illanes, the IAU National Education Coordinator for Bolivia and member of the San Agustin Educational Foundation (FESA), reports on plans to develop a remote observatory to support astronomy outreach in Bolivia

CommKit

The Europlanet Magazine’s column on science communication by Shorouk Elkobros (Europlanet Society/ESF).

The Last Word

Nigel Mason reflects on a challenging year in Beyond Borders.

Under the Path of a Polar Solar Eclipse

Under the Path of a Polar Solar Eclipse

As well as being Managing Director of the outreach company, FTP-Europlanet gUG, Dr. Lothar Kurtze has worked a scientific travel guide since 1998 for total solar eclipses viewed from the Galapagos Islands, Madagascar, Libya and Bhutan. For the upcoming total solar eclipse visible from the Antarctic, Lothar is onboard MS Hondius, acting as a guide for Oceanwide Expeditions, and is sending updates on his experiences for this Europlanet blog post. The maximum eclipse will take place at 07:33 UTC on Saturday, 4 December 2021.

Track Lothar’s progress

More about the Solar Eclipse from timeanddate.com

6 December 2021

We have now reached South Georgia and visited Grytviken today. As soon as we have clear nights, I will talk about the southern constellations and I will offer stargazing to the passengers – we are far away from any light pollution, and the sky is really dark, so we can hope for beautiful views.  

4 December 2021

Sadly no luck. Low clouds everywhere in the path of the eclipse. However it wa very impressive for the passengers how it got suddenly dark for 1.5 min.

3 December 2021

Countdown for the eclipse, now!

We are now preparing the observation tomorrow from the ship. Due to the poor weather conditions, we can not go down to the ice edge of the Wedell sea. We aim for a position between South Orkney and South Georgia. We have to make a quite complicated compromise between cloud cover, height of the eclipse above the horizon, wind and waves.

Our position for the eclipse will be aproximately 57°S, 43° 20′ W. Clouds are coming in from the West to the center line. So we need quite a bit of luck to still see something. Fingers crossed…

1 December 2021

This afternoon, we took a cruise in a Zodiac inflatable boat at Elephant Island, a rarely visited place.

This evening we continue to explore the island with a cruise on the main ship, MS Hodius. Overnight, we will continue towards the South Orkney Islands. The weather today has low clouds, and hardly any Sun visible. So, we are keeping our fingers crossed for the weather in three days time when we will be waiting in anticipation for the eclipse. 

30 November 2021

We have reached the Antarctic peninsula. The Drake passage initially had five-metre waves, which later calmed down to two metres – mostly harmless…  

We saw many albatrosses, as well as whales. 

Yesterday we have reached Cuverville Island in the best weather. There are thousands of Gentoo Penguins. However, being 64° 41‘ South, it will not get astronomically dark here anymore.

Onboard, there are many amateur astronomers, a professional meteorologist and a Dutch Astronaut who are, like the expedition staff, giving very interesting lectures.

We had a Covid-19 test for all passenger and staff – all negative. So, I am optimistic that the only ‘corona’, we have to worry about, is the corona of the Sun.

This is a quick report for now. We have one more days in the Antarctic before leaving towards South Orkney and our eclipse location.

James O’Donoghue and his animated Universe

Is it possible to make good scientific communication in a simple and intriguing way? The answer is yes, and Dr James O’Donoghue, winner of this year’s Europlanet Prize for Public Engagement, is proof of that.

James, ground-based infrared astronomer of Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus at JAXA, Japan, has a simple goal in mind: to paint an accurate picture of the Solar System in people’s minds, at the same time highlighting its most relevant features in an intuitive way. Its trademark are short and content-rich animations, now with more than 200 million views on his social networks and used by teachers, in outreach events, for press releases and space missions descriptions.

“I’m lucky because the Universe is a cool topic,” he says. We, on the other hand, think that his idea of making science simply using images and animations is incredible, and so we decided to find out more.

Federica Duras and Livia Giacomini interviewed James about his outreach activity, how it started and what it means for him.

James, what is your scientific area and background? Which is your favourite planet and mission, i.e. the one you never get tired of talking about?
My area of expertise is in observing the uppermost parts of the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn. After Earth, I’d have to say my favourite planet lately is either one of the Ice Giants Uranus or Neptune! It used to be Saturn, but I changed my mind recently as these freezing cold giants have so many unknowns. That’s mostly because they’ve only ever had 1 fly-by of a spacecraft ever, in the 1980s, so you could say that I’m getting somewhat obsessed by their mysteriousness! The Cassini spacecraft is my favourite mission, it was a real tank of a spacecraft that orbited Saturn for 13 years and made countless discoveries.

Is it easy to combine your scientific and your communicator activity? What does making and sharing scientific animations represent for you?
I would say that my communication is mainly through the medium of animations or images, I think it’s the fastest way to get the information across and the most fun! I enjoy making animations, I feel that it’s finally a way for me to have a creative outlet, especially as I was never good at more traditional forms of art. Making these animations allows me to blend science with design and share my personal view of space with people directly. In other words, I often have some picture about how some space phenomenon works in my head, and while I could explain that to someone with words, I much prefer to show them that picture. When some of my first videos went viral, it was a bit of a psychological shock to my system as an introvert, actually, as it felt like millions of people were getting a direct line into my thoughts that I had displayed in the animation! After getting over that, however, I have since started to really enjoy that connection with people and made almost 100 new videos since then. My motivations began and continue with the feedback received from the public and educators out there who have continued to be fascinated and surprised by how the universe works, without them I might have stopped or slowed down early on.

What is your best animation, the one you are never tired of looking at and are very proud of having made?
My favourite animation is the light speed one, as it is something I have wanted to get across for a long time. Since I was a teenager I realised the vast distances in space take a long time to cross, even at light speed, and honestly it fills me with horror to think about how distant we are from even the nearest planets. It would take at least several thousand years to get to the nearest star with our fastest spacecraft, and that’s just over 4 light years away! The entire galaxy is 100,000 light years across and the nearest large galaxy is 2.5 million light years away. These distances are unthinkably vast even at light speed, and it’s been my pleasure to share this nightmare with tens of millions of people.

James in a Japanese documentary. Credits: James O’Donoghue

Which scientific fact or idea you would like to explain and never managed to explain with an animation (yet)?
I would like to explain general and special relativity, but I need time to investigate how best to teach it visually.

You once were in NASA and now are at Jaxa, in Japan. How would you describe the life of a space scientist to a young student deciding for his/her future?
The main thing I would say is that space science will keep you busy by growing dozens of different skills simultaneously. It’s not just about observing with a telescope or receiving data from a distant spacecraft, the job entails a large amount of computer programming and writing. You will not get bored at all and will never run out of things to do. You can certainly find the things you are best at and become the world’s expert in it quite quickly, since there are usually very few people working in each area. There are only 10,000s of astronomers and space scientists out there and we have an entire universe to cover. To speak frankly and honestly, it is a tough job in terms of job security because most of the time you will be operating on an approximately 3 year contract until getting a permanent job. 

Coming back to you, what are your plans and dreams for your future working life? 
My dream job is certainly one which combines research and outreach with a bit of teaching. Right now my outreach efforts are mostly done in my free time, and as my free time is getting smaller every year, I would like to do it as part of my job in a more serious way.

And given the results, we cross our fingers!
Thanks James.

Il Cielo in salotto: aperitif with the Comet!

Monday 8 November, starting at 18:30 (CEST), a live online event of the EduINAF’s format “Il cielo in salotto“, to celebrate the return to our skies of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

The comet studied by the Rosetta space mission has reached the perihelion on November 2nd, and it will be at its minimum distance from Earth (just over 60 million km) on November 12th: between these two dates the comet, visible with the help of a small telescope or large binoculars, will be at its maximum brightness.
The return of 67P is in conjunction with another important anniversary related to the mission: on November 12th it will be exactly 7 years since the landing of the probe Philae on the comet, the highlight of the adventurous Rosetta mission that accompanied 67P in its journey around the Sun between 2014 and 2016.

During the live event some special guests will show us images and videos of 67P collected by INAF telescopes and EduINAF readers fond of sky observations. The audience will discover some of the scientific secrets of comets and finally relive together some of the most exciting moments of the Rosetta mission. For the most enterprising, it will also be an opportunity to learn how to observe our celestial guest with a small binoculars or telescope and try to photograph it. Since a few weeks, indeed, 67P is the great protagonist of the observational campaign entitled “Cattura la Cometa!” organised by EduINAF together with the Unione Astrofili Italiani, AstronomiAmo, the Italian Association for Astronautics and Space and the Astronomical Observatory of the Autonomous Region of Valle d’Aosta and with the collaboration of Europlanet. The images collected are published on EduINAF and the most beautiful ones will be shown and commented during the live event.
The appointment is on the EduINAF’s YouTube channel: go here to find all the information!

6. Испарение и состояния вещества

6. Испарение и состояния вещества 

На этом уроке мы рассмотрим развитие соляных пластов и возможность их обитания.

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Обзор

Описание: Понимание механизма образования солончаков посредством испарения.

Возраст:

10-14

Необходимое оборудование:

  • Компьютер
  • Проектор

Время урока:

45 минут (включая 1 видео)

Темы урока:

  • Химия (состояния вещества)
  • Биология (жизнь в экстремальных условиях)
  • Астрономия (Поверхность Марса).

Образовательные цели

По итогам урока учащиеся смогут:

  • Критически исследовать испарение
  • Понимать состояния материи
  • Давать объяснение, как соленость и высыхание влияют на пригодность для жизни в окружающей среде.

Скачать презентацию

PowerPoint (3 MB)

PDF (2 MB)

Скачать руководство для учителей

Word (358 KB)

PDF (239 KB)

Видеос

Пособие для учителей (видео)

7. pH Марса

7. pH Марса

На этом уроке мы рассмотрим pH определенных сред Марса и то, как это может повлиять на его потенциальную обитаемость.

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Обзор

Описание: Изучаем, как pH Марса может повлиять на обитаемость Красной планеты.

Возраст:

10-14

Необходимое оборудование:

  • Компьютер
  • Проектор

Время урока:

45 минут (включая 1 видео)

Темы урока:

  • Химия (pH)
  • Биология (Экстремальные условия)
  • Астрономия (поверхность Марса)

Образовательные цели

По итогам этого урока ученики смогут:

  • Понимать шкалу pH.
  • Описать, какие факторы на Марсе могут влиять на pH.
  • Обсуждать, как pH влияет на обитаемость.

Скачать презентацию

PowerPoint (4 MB)

PDF (2 MB)

Скачать руководство для учителей

Word (358 KB)

PDF (247 KB)

Видеос

Пособие для учителей (видео)

7. Το pH του Άρη

7. Το pH του Άρη

Σε αυτό το μάθημα θα δούμε το pH ορισμένων περιβαλλόντων του Άρη και πώς αυτό μπορεί να επηρεάσει την πιθανή του κατοικησιμότητα..

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Συνοπτική Παρουσίαση

Περιγραφή Δραστηριότητας: CΚατανοήστε πώς το pH του Άρη μπορεί να επηρεάσει την κατοικησιμότητα του Κόκκινου Πλανήτη.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 1 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Χημεία (pH)
  • Βιολογία (Ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (Συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη

Μαθησιακά αποτελέσματα

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές: 

  • Θα κατανοήσουν την κλίμακα pH.
  • Θα περιγράψουν πώς παράγοντες στον Άρη μπορούν να επηρεάσουν το pH.
  • Θα συζητήσουν πώς το pH επηρεάζει την κατοικησιμότητα.

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6. Εξάτμιση και Καταστάσεις της Ύλης

6. Εξάτμιση και Καταστάσεις της Ύλης

Σε αυτό το μάθημα θα δούμε την ανάπτυξη στρωμάτων αλατιού και τη δυνατότητα να κατοικηθούν.

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Συνοπτική Παρουσίαση

Περιγραφή Δραστηριότητας: Κατανοήστε πώς δημιουργούνται οι αλυκές μέσω του μηχανισμού της εξάτμισης.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 2 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Χημεία (διαλυτότητα, κορεσμός, σύνθετες δομές)
  • Βιολογία (ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη)

Μαθησιακά αποτελέσματα

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση αυτής της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές:

  • Θα εξετάζουν με προσοχή το φαινόμενο της εξάτμισης
  • Θα καταλάβουν τις καταστάσεις της ύλης
  • Θα περιγράφουν πώς η αλατότητα και η ξηρότητα επηρεάζουν την κατοικησιμότητα ενός περιβάλλοντος

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5. Соли на Марсе

5. Соли на Марсе

На этом уроке мы узнаем, как насыщенные солевые растворы влияют на обитаемость Марса.

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Обзор

Описание: Понимание перенасыщенных солевых растворов и того, как они могут повлиять на обитаемость другого планетарного тела.

Возраст:

10-14

Необходимое оборудование:

  • Компьютер
  • Проектор

Время урока:

45 минут (включая 1 видео)

Темы урока:

  • Геология
  • Химия
  • Биология (жизнь в экстремальных условиях)
  • Астрономия (поверхность Марса)

Образовательные цели

После этого урока ученики смогут:

  • Понимать, как работает кристаллизация.
  • Объяснять, как получить насыщенные и перенасыщенные растворы. 
  • Понимать, как насыщенные солевые растворы влияют на обитаемость.

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5. Άλμη στον Άρη

Άλμη στον Άρη

Σε αυτό το μάθημα θα μελετήσουμε πώς τα κορεσμένα διαλύματα άλμης επηρεάζουν την κατοικησιμότητα του Άρη.

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Συνοπτική παρουσίαση

Plan de l’activité : Comprendre les solutions salines sursaturées et comment elles peuvent affecter l’habitabilité d’un autre corps planétaire.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 1 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Γεωλογία
  • Χημεία
  • Βιολογία (ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (Οι συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη)

Μαθησιακά Αποτελέσματα:

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές:

  • Θα καταλάβουν πώς λειτουργεί η κρυστάλλωση.
  • Θα μπορούν να εξηγήσουν πώς φτιάχνονται τα κορεσμένα και τα υπέρκορα διαλύματα.
  • Θα μπορούν να καταλάβουν πώς τα κορεσμένα διαλύματα αλάτων επηρεάζουν την κατοικησιμότητα.

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4. Αρειανή Χημεία

4. Αρειανή Χημεία

Σε αυτό το μάθημα θα δούμε τη χημεία του Άρη, και πώς αυτή μπορεί να επηρεάσει την πιθανή του κατοικησιμότητα.

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Συνοπτική Παρουσίαση

Περιγραφή Δραστηριότητας: Κατανόηση του πώς η χημεία του αρειανού εδάφους μπορεί να επηρεάσει την κατοικησιμότητα του Κόκκινου Πλανήτη. Εμπεριέχει μία πιο στενή ματιά στον τρόπο με τον οποίο η θερμοκρασία και η αλατότητα μπορούν να επηρεάσουν τη χημεία του Άρη.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 2 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Χημεία (διαλυτότητα, κορεσμός, σύνθετες δομές)
  • Βιολογία (ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη)

Μαθησιακά αποτελέσματα

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές: 

  • Θα καταλάβουν τι επίπτωση έχει η θερμοκρασία στη χημεία του Άρη.
  • Θα μπορούν να εξηγήσουν πώς η αλατότητα επηρεάζει τα σημεία τήξης.
  • Θα κατανοήσουν πώς τα παραπάνω επηρεάζουν την κατοικησιμότητα.

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4. Химия Марса

4. Химия Марса

На этом уроке мы рассмотрим химию Марса и то, как это может повлиять на его потенциальную обитаемость.

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Обзор

Описание: Изучить, как химический состав марсианской почвы может повлиять на обитаемость Красной планеты. Это предполагает более пристальное рассмотрение того, как температура и соленость могут повлиять на химию Марса.

Возраст:

10-14

Необходимое оборудование:

  • Компьютер
  • Проектор

Время урока:

45 минут (включая 2 видео)

Темы урока:

  • Химия (растворимость, насыщение, составные структуры)
  • Биология (жизнь в крайностях)
  • Астрономия (состояние поверхности Марса)

Образовательные цели

По итогам изучения материала ученики смогут: 

  • Понимать, какое влияние температура оказывает на химический состав Марса.
  • Уметь объяснить, как соленость влияет на температуру замерзания.
  • Знать, как все вышеперечисленное влияет на обитаемость.

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3. Ηφαίστεια στον Άρη

3. Ηφαίστεια στον Άρη

Σε αυτό το μάθημα θα δούμε τα ηφαίστεια στον Άρη και πώς αυτά μπορεί να έχουν συνεισφέρει στην κατοικησιμότητα του Κόκκινου Πλανήτη στη διάρκεια της ιστορίας του.

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Συνοπτική παρουσίαση

Περιγραφή Δραστηριότητας: Κατανόηση του σχηματισμού των ηφαιστείων, στη Γη και στον Άρη, και πώς αυτά μπορεί να έχουν επηρεάσει την κατοικησιμότητα του Άρη στο παρελθόν.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 2 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Γεωλογία
  • Βιολογία (Ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (Συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη)

Μαθησιακά αποτελέσματα

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές:

  • Θα κατανοήσουν πώς σχηματίζονται τα ηφαίστεια.
  • Θα μπορούν να εξηγήσουν τι είναι η μεταφορά θερμότητας και γιατί συμβαίνει μέσα σε ένα ηφαίστειο.
  • Να προσδιορίσουν, με βάση τη λογική, την πιθανότητα να είναι κατοικήσιμες οι περιοχές ηφαιστείων.

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3. Вулканы Марса

3. Вулканы Марса

На этом уроке мы рассмотрим вулканы Марса и то, как они могли способствовать обитаемости Красной планеты на протяжении ее истории.

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Обзор

Описание: Как образуются вулканы на Земле и на Марсе и как они могли повлиять на пригодность Марса для жизни в прошлом.

Возраст:

10-14

Необходимое оборудование:

  • Компьютер
  • Проектор

Время урока:

45 минут (включая 2 видео)

Темы урока:

  • Геология
  • Биология (жизнь в экстремальных средах)
  • Астрономия (поверхность Марса)

Образовательные цели

По итогам изучения материала ученики смогут: 

  • Понимать, как образуются вулканы.
  • Уметь объяснять, что такое конвекция и почему мы обнаруживаем ее внутри вулкана.
  • Обоснованно определять вероятность обитаемости вулканических территорий.

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2. Μία Σύντομη Ιστορία του Άρη

2. Μία Σύντομη Ιστορία του Άρη

Σε αυτό το μάθημα, θα εξετάσουμε την ιστορία του Άρη ώστε να εντοπίσουμε αν ήταν ποτέ ένα κατάλληλο περιβάλλον για τη ζωή, όπως την ξέρουμε εδώ στη Γη.

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Συνοπτική παρουσίαση

Περιγραφή Δραστηριότητας: Ερευνήστε πώς έχει αλλάξει ο Άρης στη διάρκεια της ιστορίας του και πώς αυτό μπορεί να επηρεάσει την κατοικησιμότητα του Κόκκινου Πλανήτη.

Για ηλικίες:

10-14

Απαραίτητος εξοπλισμός:

  • Υπολογιστής
  • Προβολέας

Χρόνος μαθήματος:

45 Λεπτά (περιλαμβάνει 1 βίντεο)

Θέματα που καλύπτονται:

  • Χημεία
  • Γεωλογικός χρόνος
  • Βιολογία (Ζωή σε ακραίες συνθήκες)
  • Αστρονομία (Οι συνθήκες στην επιφάνεια του Άρη)

Μαθησιακά Αποτελέσματα:

Μετά την ολοκλήρωση της δραστηριότητας, οι μαθητές:

  • Θα καταλάβουν πώς ο Άρης έχει αλλάξει με το χρόνο.
  • Θα υποθέσουν πώς αυτό έχει επηρεάσει την κατοικησιμότητά του.
  • Θα συμπεράνουν ποια περίοδος της ιστορίας του Άρη ήταν πιθανότερο να μπορεί να συντηρήσει ζωή

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